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Nível Fluente › Coffee

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PRESENT PARTICIPLE CLAUSES WITH PREPOSITIONS
Dialog:
"A dose of caffeine roughly equal to that in two cups of coffee reduced post exercise muscle soreness by nearly half by helping to reduce inflammation."

A present participle clause is a clause that begins with a verb in the -ing form. We use these clauses to give information about timing, causes, and results of events. When paired with "by" it indicates "the method or means used". When paired with the preposition "in" the clause indicates "cause". When paired with "on" the clause indicates "when".

 

1) PRESENT PARTICIPLE CLAUSE WITH "BY"

  • By keeping your bedroom cool at night you'll be able to get a better night's rest. (keeping the room cool is the method used)
  • Patricia was finally able to get some work done by putting her kids to bed early. (putting the kids to bed was the method used)

 

2) PRESENT PARTICIPLE CLAUSE WITH "IN"

  • In keeping with tradition the family spent Easter Sunday feeding the poor. (keeping a tradition is what caused them to feed the poor)
  • In choosing Ken as his C.E.O. Mark knew the company would succeed. (choosing Ken was the cause of the company's success)

 

3) PRESENT PARTICIPLE CLAUSE WITH "ON"

  • On arriving at the office and seeing no one there I realized it was a holiday. (when I arrived and saw)
  • The resident started to panic on entering into the operating room. (when the resident entered)

 

Sobre esta aula

Aaahhh, there’s nothing better than that first cup ’o joe in the morning. Wait...cup ’o what?? "Cup ’o joe" is an American slang for cup of coffee. Ask any American why it’s called that, and they won’t be able to tell you. Nor will we, as no one seems to know its origin. However, this lesson is not without want, for today you will learn about the health benefits of this extremely addictive drink!

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