Nível Fluente › Bogus 911

  • At the end of this lesson you'll be able to:

    • Understand the use of hyphenated compound adjectives
    • Understand the different uses of the word "dispatch"


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Diálogo: "
I think the public need to be aware that 911 is still for life-threatening emergencies."

A "compound adjective" is hyphenated if the hyphen helps the reader differentiate a compound adjective from two adjacent adjectives that each independently modify the noun.

Compare the following examples:

  • "small appliance industry": a small industry producing appliances
  • "small-appliance industry": an industry producing small appliances

1)   Hyphenated compound adjectives may be formed by :

a)    an adjective preceding a noun:

  • "Round table" ? "round-table discussion"
  • "Four wheels" ? "four-wheel drive" (the singular, not the plural, is used)

b)   a verb preceding an adjective or adverb:

  • "Feel good" ? "feel-good factor"
  • "Buy now, pay later" ? "buy-now pay-later purchase"

c)    a verb preceding a preposition.

  • "Stick on" ? "stick-on label"
  • "Walk on" ? "walk-on part"


2)   The decision to place a hyphen between two words or to leave the hyphen out will often have a significant effect on the meaning of a sentence. Let's take a look at some examples:

  • We need more qualified workers. (We need what? Great numbers of qualified workers.)
  • We need more-qualified workers. (We need what? Workers who are more qualified than the workers we have now.)
  • The large appliance industry is suffering. (Which industry? The appliance industry, which is large.)
  • The large-appliance industry is suffering. (Which industry? The industry that produces large appliances.)


3)   Hyphenated compound adjectives are used only before nouns. When they come after nouns, they are not hyphenated. Let's see some examples.

  • The up-to-date report was submitted on time. (comes before the noun)
  • The report was up to date. (comes after the noun)
  • It was a well-written report. (comes before the noun)
  • The report was well written. (comes after the noun)


Sobre esta aula

Some people have nothing better to do with their time than to joke around and annoy other people.  But let's face it, a quick prank call every once in a while has never killed anybody...or has it? In this lesson Ashley and Josh talk about calls to an emergency services number, that aren't exactly emergencies.

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